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Background Knowledge and Skills

Step by Step Guide

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What is Podcasting?

A podcast is an audio or mixed media file that one listens to or watches on an electronic device. Podcasting then refers to the sharing of a podcast or series of podcasts. There are three kinds of podcasts. The most basic and common is the audio podcast. Enhanced podcasts include images that accompany the audio but these are not supported by all devices. Lastly, video podcasts are movies, complete with sound. Podcasts can range in length from a few minutes to several hours.

The name "podcast" derives from the combination of the words iPod and broadcast. The label, however, is a misnomer. To listen to a podcast, a user does not need an iPod, nor even a handheld MP3 audio player. A personal computer is sufficient.

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  • Understand the process of creating an audio podcast.
  • Use Audacity to capture audio for your podcast.


  • Understand the process of creating an video podcast.
  • Learn how to use a simple iMovie as a video editor.

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Background Knowledge and Skills


All you need to create a podcast is a microphone, a video camera, and a computer with an Internet connection.


  • Podcasting helps teachers address multiple intelligences and learning styles.
  • Podcasting can be an instructional tool to teach an individual skill or process.
  • Podcasting can be archived for tutoring and review.
  • Podcasts can demonstrate step-by-step processes.
  • Podcasts can replace hand-written comments with verbal assessment.


  • Podcasting is quick way to connect with technologically interested students; it helps develop 21st Century skills
  • Student are engaged in active learning when creating podcasts for oral presentations, reports, or assignments
  • Creating a podcast promotes higher level thinking skills; student must use abstract thinking to create a link between words and concrete images
  • Podcasts encourage creative thinking and self expression
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Step by Step Guide

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Teacher Tips

A Checklist for Planning Your Podcast by Dr. Trae Stewart, Texas State University, San Marcos, Texas

Here's a brief checklist of things to think about as you plan your podcast.


  • Who are your learners?
  • Who else might listen to the podcast?
  • What will the podcast be named?
  • Do they [the students] have access to the technology to listen to or work on podcasts outside of school?
  • What lesson/assignment/activity is this for?
  • What are the objectives?
  • How long will the creation of the podcast take? Keep in mind that teaching students to create podcasts is a lengthy lesson itself.
  • What aspects of this lesson/assignment/activity are easily transferred to an audio format? Which are not? How will you address these issues?
  • What support mechanisms/resources do you have in your school for the creation of podcasts? What about for students needing to create podcasts?
  • What barriers do you foresee to using podcasts? How will you overcome them?


  • Do you have a computer with sufficient memory and processor?
  • Do you have a microphone that can connect to the computer?
  • Do you have a set of headphones that can connect to the computer or a set of speakers?
  • What software will you use? Do you need to purchase software or will you use a free application like Audacity?
  • Do you have funds to purchase any materials that you do not yet possess?


  • What type of podcasts will you need to listen to before creating your own?
  • What tone do you want to your podcast?
  • How long do you want your podcast to be (remember your learners)?
  • How much time do you have to research podcasts before needing to create your own?
  • Do you need to create your own podcast or does one exist that you can have students access themselves?


  • Are you going to use a script? What will it include?
  • Will you start with a monologue?
  • Will you include a music jingle (intro and outro)?
  • How will you segment your content into manageable topics?
  • How long do you want your final podcast to be?
  • What closing remarks will you provide?
  • Do you want this format to be the same in each podcast?
  • Could you use a script template?

Practice Your Script

  • How will you practice?
  • How many times will you practice?
  • Will you record yourself practicing or just talk through the content?
  • How much time should you allow yourself to practice before recording?
  • Will you use a polished or freestyle approach to talking?
  • Are you going to read with emotion or just "wing it"?


  • Do you have a quiet space to record the podcast?
  • Which practices will you use if you pause or make a mistake?
  • Does your software generate MP3 files?
  • Do you have time to record the podcast again if necessary?
  • Have you gathered any other audio or video files to add to podcast?


  • Who will you ask to review your podcast or give your feedback?
  • What aspects of the podcast are most important to get correct?
  • How much time will you leave for review and sharing final podcast?
  • Are you familiar with the software well enough to edit across files?
  • What help might you need after recording?


  • Where are you going to publish your podcast(s)? Do you have an account set up?
  • How are you going to advertise your podcast or get your students aware of how to use podcasts?
  • Whom would you like to have access to your podcasts?
  • Do you need to create a class website? With whom do you speak about doing this?
  • Do you want to set up an RSS feed to your podcasts?
  • How long will a podcast be available?

Podcast Topic Ideas By Brian Tortorelli and Victor Randle, UCF-CREATE, Orlando, Florida


Let your students tell their story. Self-expression builds self-esteem, confidence, and trust.

  • The first time I...
  • When did you know what you wanted to be when you grow up?
  • Happiest family memory...
  • What are your strengths?

Instructional Demonstrative

  • Demonstrate a process step-by-step through pictures and/or video.
  • How to bake/cook
  • Artistic process demo
  • How to get from A to B
  • Mathematic process demo
  • Scientific process demo


  • Why write a paper when your students could put together full multimedia presentations, even upload them to your classes' site?
  • Report on a famous historical figure, event, or time period.
  • There are famous mathematicians, why not hold them up?
  • Current events reporting.
  • Have each student summarize an aspect of the student code of conduct for your school, and tell why it is important.

Creative Writing

  • Show and Tell!
  • Write a fantasy adventure.
  • Create a futuristic epic.
  • Postulate a "what if?" historical scenario.
  • Where will you be in 10,20, 50 years

Literature Interpretation

  • Having students read and interpret, atend plays and review, listen to music and critique; all these are ripe for digital media.
  • Book reports are probably as old as books in classrooms, let's bring it into the 21st century!
  • Summarize a play with images and words.
  • Make a video for a song (any musical style.)

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Audio editor: software used to record and edit audio content

CG (computer generated): animation that is put together on a computer and compiled into a digital movie file

Creative commons: These licenses allow creators to communicate which rights they reserve, and which rights they waive for the benefit of recipients or other creators to use their work.

Digital media: refers to the use of a computer or digital devices to create audio, video, or text data for communication.

Digital media files: computer files for audio, video, or text. Common file extensions are : (audio) .wav, .mp3, .aiff; (video) .avi, .mov, .mpg; (text) .txt, .doc, .rtf.

Digital storytelling: Digital storytelling is the use of digital tools to let ordinary people tell their own real-life stories. The term "digital storytelling" can also cover a variety of new forms of digital narratives (web-based stories, interactive stories, hypertexts, and narrative computer games).

Freestyle: similar in style to live radio shows or television interviews where there is no formal script

Hardware: the physical components of a computer system. (monitor, cpu, scanner, mouse, etc.)

Intro: introductory music

iTunes U: a section of the Apple iTunes Store that is a portal for free educational content. Academic institutions are encouraged to use it to upload or just share

Jingle: musical background

Meta tag: information attached to primary data used to help organize it for searches and classification.

Multimedia presentation: a digital presentation that utilizes elements of audio, video, and text

Outro: closing music

Podcast: A podcast (or non-streamed webcast) is a series of digital media files (either audio or video) that are released episodically and often downloaded through web syndication. The word replaced webcast in common vernacular due to the fame of the iPod and its role in the rising popularity and innovation of web feeds.

RSS feed: “really simple syndication” refers to episodic distribution of podcasts.

Self publish: using a social networking site to publish content on the internet.

Software: the programs and other operating information used by a computer.

Storyboard: a sequence of drawings, typically with some directions and dialogue, representing the shots planned for a movie or other production.

Subscriptions: referring to a process of signing up for podcast distributions. Most common method is by signing up through iTunes where you request particular podcasts are automatically downloaded by the program as they become available

Transitions: in video editing, this refers to an effect used to bridge one shot or image to another.

Video editor: software used to create and edit video content and images.

Voiceover: a piece of narration in a movie or broadcast, not accompanied by an image of the speaker.

Voiceover styles:

Polished: professional reading similar to what you would hear on a newscast

Freestyle: similar in style to live radio shows or television interviews where there is no formal script

Web cam: either an external or internal camera attached to your computer commonly used to capture video of the user for chats. Typically low resolution due to the primary use being transmitting over the internet

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  • Bisoux, T.  (2006).  Rethinking IT, BizED.  In F. Yonekura, A study of millennial students and their reactive behavior patterns in the online environment.  Dissertation at the University of Central Florida, Department of Educational Studies, p. 20.
  • Frand, J.  (2000).  The information age mindset:  Changes in students and implications for higher education. EDUCAUSE, 35(5), 15-24.
  • Internet World Stats (n.d.).  Retrieved November 6, 2008, from
  • Jackson, L.  (2007, Feb. 13).  Podcast for free on a PC.  Retrieved November 6, 2008, from
  • Levin, D., & Arafeh, S.  (2002). The digital disconnect:  The widening gap between internet-savvy students and their schools.  Retrieved November 6, 2008, from
  • Museum of Modern Art.   Modern Kids:  Claude Monet.  Wate- Lilies. c.1920 (Podcast posted Feb. 4, 2011)            Retrieved June 13, 2011.
  • Oblinger, D.  (2003).  Boomers, gen-xers, & millennials:  Understanding the new students.  EDUCAUSE, 35(5), 37-47.
  • Prensky, M.  (2001).  Digital natives, digital immigrants.  On the Horizon, 9(5), 1-6.
  • Raines, C.  (2002).  Managing millennials.  Retrieved November 6, 2008, from
  • Sambidge, A.  (2008, Oct. 2).  Middle east has world’s fastest growth in web use.  Retrieved November 6, 2008, from

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Lesson Plan/Materials

  1. Re-tell History through Drama: Immigrants ...........Gregg Baron, Keene's Crossing Elementary School, Orange County: with Jamie Donmoyer, Mary Palmer & Associates, Orlando
  2. First Moon Landing ....................................................Jill Adcock, Aloma Elementary School, Orange County

We hope you'll join us in bringing the Arts and Technology to life in classrooms across the country!  Please click on x.  Submit Lesson Plans/Materials to find out how to share your classroom successes.

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Submit Lesson Plans

We hope you’ll join us in bringing the Arts and Technology to life in classrooms across the country!  Your lesson ideas will help teachers step into what is sometimes unknown, and even frightening, territory!  Your work will help others to realize the important links between the arts and technology.

To provide consistency in how information is presented online, we have developed a Lesson Plan Template.  This WORD document provides a guide to the information that we’d like you to share - and will expand to meet your needs!    Please use our Template to share your lesson ideas.

In addition, we’d really like to include examples of the support materials that make your lessons “work” in the classroom.  Things like worksheets, powerpoint presentations, worksheets, assignments, rubrics, assessment tools, photographs of students (and you!) in action, classroom video showing your process...and anything else that you use to bring your lessons to life for your students.  YEP...we want your support materials even if you don’t share a lesson plan at this time! to get your work from YOU to FAAE?  Click on the Submission Form.  In this form, we’ll collect info about you so that we can properly “credit” your work when it’s placed online.  In addition, you’ll be asked to give FAAE “permission” to share your work with the world!  (Imagine it!  You are about to impact the entire world!)  In this form, you’ll also be asked to upload your files (it’s really as easy as locating your file and clicking on it!)  If you are in “the advanced class” and want to send video files, there are directions for that, too. (By the way, we love video - and photos!)

Burn the midnight oil...and share your best work!  Linking the arts and technology is where it’s at in today’s classrooms!  Join us!

Questions:  [email protected]

Download the following WORD document; voila! you have the Template to use for your lesson plan submission.

You'll upload the completed Lesson Plan Template as well as any lesson materials as part of the Lesson Submission Form. If you won't be submitting a Lesson Plan at this time, please go directly to the Submission Form to upload your Lesson Materials.
Note: If the document below does not open immediately after clicking the link, please check your downloads folder.

Lesson Plan Template

Submission Form

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